Determining Competitive Advantage of Communities in a Rural Setting

Constantino G. Medilo Jr., Frederick C. Aniga

Abstract


This study provided a framework for determining the competitive advantage of the communities in the rural areas using principal component analysis. The profiles of the municipalities in the province of Southern Leyte, Philippines were analyzed, and principal components identified. The data included density,total land area,revenue classification,number of literate residents, number of gainful workers, average household size, number of residents with academic degrees,number of hazards present and the rate of population increase. The results identified four indices as factors of competitive advantage, which included the general demographic index, crowding index, family size index, and hazard exposure. This paper concluded that competitive edge in rural areas is a function of general demographic factors,crowding,family size,and exposure to hazard. Demographic and geographical factors are vital to improving the competitive advantage of municipalities in the rural setting. Attaining competitive advantage in the rural environment means municipalities must have robust performance in literacy, population, the productivity of its citizens. Those municipalities should likewise perform well in controlling crowding and at the same time have the ability to mitigate the possible effects of natural hazards. The focus of determining competitive advantage away from economic indicators provides opportunities for looking at how communities in the rural see what they define as success.

Keywords


Geographical economics; Local governance; Philippine studies; Social sciences; Climate studies

References


Andersson, M. & Henrekson, M. (2014). Local competitiveness fostered through local institutions for entrepreneurship. In The Oxford Handbook of Local Competitiveness. Retrieved from https://www.econstor.eu/handle/10419/109 120.

Arslan, N., & Tathdil, H. (2012). Defining and measuring competitiveness: A comparative analysis of Turkey with 11 potential rivals. International

Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences IJBAS-IJENS, 12 (02), 31-43. Retrieved fromhttps://scholar.google.com.ph/.

Arthur, I. & Hracs, B. (2015). Experience the difference: The competitive strategies of food-related entrepreneurs in rural Denmark. Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography, 97 (01), 95-112. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1 111/geob.12067.

Balestrieri, M. (2014). Rurality and competitiveness. Some observations on the local area: The case of the Sardinian Region. International Journal of Rural Management, 10 (2), 173-197. Retrieved from https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1 177/0973005214546599.

Bjørn˚a, H. (2014). Dealing with stakeholders in local government: Three Norwegian cases of municipal reputation management. Organizational Reputation in the Public Sector, (1st ed., pp. 199-216.) Retrieved from https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/978 1317913856.

Bojanic, D., and Lo, M. (2016). A comparison of the moderating effect of tourism reliance on the economic development for islands and other countries. Tourism Management, 53, 207-214. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/tour ism-management/vol/53.

Bureau of Local Government Finance (n.d.). Consolidated Public Sector Financial Position Statistics. Retrieved from http://blgf.gov.ph/lgu-fiscal-data/.

Capistrano, R. C., & Weaver, A. (2017). Host-guest interactions between first-generation immigrants and their visiting relatives: social exchange, relations of care and travel. International JournalofCulture,TourismandHospitality Research,11(3),406-420. Retrievedfrom https://www.emeraldinsight.com.

Chen, J. and Yang H. (2016). Geographical mobility, income, life satisfaction and family size preferences: An Empirical Study on rural households in Shaanxi and Henan Provinces in China. Social Indicators Research, 129 (1), 277-290. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/journal/11205/129

/1/page/1.

Cleave,E.,&Arku,G.(2015). Placebranding and economic development at the local level in Ontario, Canada. GeoJournal, 80(3), 323-338. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s1 0708-014-9555-9.

Curado, C. (2006). The knowledge based-view of the firm: from theoretical origins to future implications. Instituto Superior de Economia e Gest˜ao – Departamento de Gest˜ao Working Paper Series 1. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10400.5/725.

F¨ obker, S., Temme, D., & Wiegandt, C. C. (2014). A warm welcome to highly-skilledmigrants: howcanmunicipal administrations play their part? Journal of Economic and Social Geography, 105(5), 542-557. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1 111/tesg.12112.

Ghani, E., Kerr, W., & O’Connell, S. D. (2014). What makes cities more competitive? Lessons from India. World Bank - Economic Premise, (132), 1-4. Retrieved from https://ideas.repec.org/a/wbk/prmecp/ep1 32.html.

Gibbs, R. (2018). Education as a rural development strategy. Retrieved from https://www.ers.usda.gov/amber-waves/20 05/november/education-as-a-rural-develop ment-strategy/.

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery. (2017). Retrieved from https://www.gfdrr.org/philippines.

Helliwell,J.F.,Shiplett,H.,&Barrington-Leigh, C. P. (2018). How happy are your neighbours? Variation in Life Satisfaction among 1200 Canadian

neighbourhoods and communities. National Bureau of Economic Research (Working Papers24592). Retrieved from https://www.nber.org/papers/w24592.

Israel, D. C., & Briones, R. M. (2012). Impacts of natural disasters on agriculture, food security, and natural resources and environment in the Philippines (PIDS Discussion Paper Series No. 2012-36). Retrieved from https://serp-p.pids.gov.ph/serp-p/download .php?d=5113&s=3(application/pdf).

Kincheloe, J. (1999). How do we tell the workers? The socioeconomic foundations ofworkandvocationaleducation. Boulder, CO:Westview.

Leigh,N.G.,&Blakely,E.J.(2016). Planning local economic development: Theory and practice. NewYork: SAGEpublications.

Madhani, P. M. (2010). Resource based view (RBV) of competitive advantage: an overview. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/ 45072518 Resource Based View RBV of Competitive Advantage An Overview.

Marin, G., & Modica, M. (2017). Socio-economic exposure to natural disasters. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 64, 57-66. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/envi ronmental-impact-assessment-review/vol/ 64.

McCarthy, J. (2016). Partnership, collaborative planning and urban regeneration. NewYork: Routledge.

McGee, J. (2015). Market-based view. Wiley Encyclopedia of Management, 1-1. doi: 10.1002/9781118785317.weom120075.

McGranahan, G., Kasper, E., & Maestre, M.

(2017). Market systems development in the cities of rapidly urbanizing countries. The BEAM Exchange. Retrieved from https://scholar.google.com.ph/scholar?clu ster=17591461080287948830&hl=en&as sdt=0,5.

MR, G. D. (2018). Knowledge Management, Promoter of the Internal Competitiveness in the Municipal Administration. International Journal of Advancement in Management and Economics, 5(01), 32-41. Retrieved http://www.managementjournal.info/index. php/IJAME/article/view/119/118.

Noy, I., Okuyama, Y., & Sawada, Y. (2015). The long-run socio-economic consequences of a large disaster: The 1995 earthquake in Kobe. PloS one, 10 (10). Retrieved from https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id =10.1371/journal.pone.0138714.

Philippine Statistics Authority. (2016). 2015 Census of Population. Retrieved from https://psa.gov.ph/content/highlights-house hold-population-number-households-andaverage-household-size-philippines. ˇ Segota, A., Tomljanovi´c, M., & Hudek, I. (2017). Contemporary approaches to measuring competitiveness–the case of EU memberstates. Journal of Economics and Business, 35(01), 123-150. doi: 10.18045/zbefri.2017.1.123.

Silva, I. R.,& Tamayo, A. (2016). Measurement model for competitiveness index among the municipalities of Compostela Valley, Mindanao, Philippines. University of Mindanao International Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 1(2), 95-107. Retrieved from https://scholar.google.com.ph/.

Siudek, T., & Zawojska, A. (2014). Competitiveness in the economic concepts,theoriesandempiricalresearch. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Oeconomia, 13(01), 91–108. Retrieved from http://agro.icm.edu.pl/agro/element/bwme ta1.element.agro-b3b94eea-5c1c-4805-9 a76-c82799727548.

Sørensen, J. F. (2014). Rural-urban differences in life satisfaction: Evidence from the European Union. Regional Studies, 48(9), 1451-1466. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2012.75 3142.

Stanovnik, P., & Kovaˇ ciˇc, A. (2000). Measuring competitiveness of national economies with emphasis on Slovenia. Ljubljana: InstituteforEconomicResearch (Working Paper No. 6). Retrieved from https://scholar.google.com.ph/.

Stinner, W. F. (1977). Urbanization and household structure in the Philippines. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 39(2), 377-385. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/351132?seq=1 #page scan tab contents.

Sunley, P., & Martin, R. (2017). Paul

Krugman’s geographical economics and its implications for regional development theory: a critical assessment. Economic Geography, 72(3), 25-58. DOI: 10.2307/144401.

Wang, H. L. (2014). Theories for competitive advantage. In H. Hasan (Ed.), Being Practical with Theory: A Window into Business Research, (pp. 33-43). Retrieved from http://eurekaconnection. files.wordpress.com/2014/02/p-33-43-theo riesof-competitive-advantage-theori-ebook finaljan2014-v3.pdf.

Wong, J. M. (2011). A relational view of resources-based theory: The case of internationalization of Li & Fung group. The Journal of Human Resource and Adult Learning, 7(2), 34. Retrieved from www.googlescholar.com.

Zhang, M. (2014). What can cities do to enhance competitiveness? Local policies and actions for innovation. Urban Competitiveness and Innovation, 112. Retrieved from https://scholar.google.com.ph/.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.