Selected Functional Properties of Flour From Three Sweet Potato (Ipomoeabatatas L.) Varieties
The study was conducted to determine, compare and evaluate the selected functional properties of ﬂour from three diﬀerent varieties of sweet potato, namely, NSIC SP-32, PSB SP-17andVSP-produced by Phil Rootcrops,Visayas State University. These properties are necessary for the development and improvement of food products from sweet potato which provide an excellent means of increasing the utilization of this nutritious high-yielding crop. All the ﬂour samples showed great potential in the characteristics (moisture content and pH) for long shelf life. PSB SP-17 ﬂour had the highest potential in the applications for thickening, binding and gelling in food processing compared to the other two ﬂour samples,as supported by the data on water absorption capacity and gelation capacity. PSB SP-17 ﬂour showed good fat-binding ability for applications in meat processing and colloidal food systems. It also showed the highest viscosity and lowest amylose content. NSICSP-32 ﬂour possessed these characteristics but only came second to PSB SP-17. VSP-6 showed the highest bulk density which is of good use in packaging and food preparations. It also showed the highest foaming capacity compared to NSICSP-32 and PSBSP-17.
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